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The Wage Gap For Latina Workers Is Still 54 Cents That’S Troubling.

As rich as the current data set is, individual interviews might have allowed for investigation of some topics at greater depth. The group setting may also have caused some participants to be less forthcoming on certain topics. For example, although all of the Latinas in this study expressed knowledge of instances of sexual harassment on the job, none acknowledged ever succumbing to unwanted advances. In addition, the two data collection sites used by this study, while widely separated geographically and contrasting sharply in terms of traditional and new settlement areas, are far from an exhaustive list all possible Latino immigrant settlement destinations.

To know whether or not breast cancer rates are changing over time, you have to compare rates, rather than the number of new cases. Among women 50 and older, rates of DCIS increased from 7 cases per 100,000 women in 1980 to 83 cases per 100,000 women in 2008 .

Assuming, consistent with the existing literature, that the election rather than subsequent events marked the onset of stress among Latina women, these peaks would correspond to infants conceived or in their second trimester of gestation around the time of the election. The exposure coefficient for female births was 110.6 (95% CI, 61.6-159.6), implying 995 more preterm births (95% CI, ) than the that would have been expected based on preelection data. Together, we observed approximately 3.2% to 3.6% more preterm births to Latina women above expected levels of preterm births had the election not occurred. We also explored our data for other associations concerned with the timing of parturition.

There’s still much to learn about the risk of breast cancer in transgender people. If you are transgender, talk with your health care provider about your risk of breast cancer. Transgender women had a much lower risk of breast cancer than women in the general population, but a higher risk than men in the general population. Transgender men had a much lower risk of breast cancer than women in the general population, but a higher risk than men in the general population. Hispanic/Latina women tend to be diagnosed with later stage breast cancers than non-Hispanic white women .

All birth count variables exhibited strong seasonality for male and female births. Consistent with convention,32 we therefore differenced the birth count series at 12 months to remove seasonality. Expected values were generated from a time series model using data from 94 months of the presidency of Barack Obama . The first 13 months of the expected values for male births and first 12 months for female births were lost to modeling.

For Mexican and Costa Rican women in particular, life in the United States represents a significant shift in opportunities for family life, as higher wages allow women the ability to be more autonomous. In a 2013 Nielson study in the United States, Latinas said they were primary or joint decision makers in the household, giving input in categories such as grocery shopping, insurance, financial services, electronics, and family care.

Genetic factors can put some women at a higher risk of breast cancer. Women diagnosed younger than 40 may have a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation.

Our theory assumes that the policy and regulatory environment of the Obama administration constituted, in part, the environment to which Latina women, among others, had adapted for nearly 8 years and that Trump promised to change if elected. That is, we argue that the policy and regulatory environment promised under President Trump would be perceived as more hostile to Latina women when compared with the policy and regulatory environment they experienced under President Obama. Among the live births recorded during the study period, 11.0% of male and 9.6% of female births to Latina women were preterm compared with 10.2% and 9.3%, respectively, to other women. In the 9-month period beginning with November 2016, an additional 1342 male (95% CI, ) and 995 female (95% CI, ) preterm births to Latina women were found above the expected number of preterm births had the election not occurred. Peer Leaders learn to design and implement a “learning project” that meets a need they see in their community.

Most women with gestational diabetes will go on to have healthy deliveries. However, diabetes of any type — Type 1, Type 2, or gestational — can negatively affect the health of a woman and her baby during pregnancy.

15 was established at this time of the year to commemorate Hispanic nations gaining independence from Spain. The month has now grown to incorporate Latinos, which includes Hispanics and non-Spanish speaking south and central American countries such as Brazil. Latinx people have become the largest minority group in the United States, making up about 17 percent of the population1.

Of women in the workforce with advanced degrees (master’s, professional, and doctoral degrees), Latinas earn the lowest median weekly earnings of all racial and ethnic groups in the United States. Despite discrimination in the workforce, Latina participation is on the rise. From 1970 to 2007 Latinas have seen a 14% increase in labor force participation, which the Center for American Progress calls “a notable rise.” The Hispanic paradox refers to the medical research indicating that Latino immigrants enter the United States with better health, on average, than the average American citizen, but lose this health benefit the longer they reside in the United States. It is important to note that this health paradox affects both male and female populations of Latinos.

  • Peer Leaders learn to design and implement a “learning project” that meets a need they see in their community.
  • NWLC reports that Latinas who work full-time, year-round jobs and also have a bachelor’s degree generally only earn about $52,037 per year.
  • The Economic Policy Institute estimates that if the minimum wage were increased to $12 per hour by 2020 – a proposal introduced in Congress that lawmakers ultimately didn’t take up – then more than 35 million workers would receive a raise.
  • Something that could help is a minimum wage increase, which would benefit a large amount of Latina workers.
  • The majority of those workers are women, 4.2 million are Latinas, and over 38 percent of Latinos who would benefit are parents.

Other Words From Latina

In the United States, an estimate of at least ten thousand people are forced into labor through such a process. Within the category of women, immigrant women are the ones who are targeted and pulled in more easily. Due to their lack of knowledge of their new surroundings, the English language, and vulnerability to work, these women are more easily tricked, or coerced, into these businesses. These women come into the United States looking for improved employment or educational opportunities, making them much more vulnerable to coercion and false job opportunities offered by traffickers. Additionally, many immigrant women do not understand their rights, or are faced with threats of deportation.

Latinas saw a 14 percent increase in labor-force participation from 1970 to 2007, a notable rise. As of 2013, Latinas owned about 1 out of every 10 women-owned businesses.

Latinx cultural values can trigger mental health issues in the lives of Latinx women and cause them to underutilize mental health services as compared to the general population. About one in four Latina teenagers have thought about committing suicide, a rate higher than Latino teenage counterparts, according to Salud America!

The Institute for Women’s Policy Research explains the workings of organizations aimed to support the struggles of Latina immigrants. The IWPR states that growing organizations are currently providing English tutors and access to education. Programs specifically for Latina immigrants now use an adaptation tactic of teaching, rather than an assimilation ideology to help this population adjust to American life. Programs like these include Casa Latina Programs, providing education on English, workers’ rights, and the consumer culture of America. Of the Latinas participating in the labor force, 32.2% work in the service sector, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

When encountering clients who have no family support, it is best to address those concerns and explore other people they can count on for support. My grandparents believed in getting an education, but they were confused about why I would want to go back to school again. My grandparents, like many traditional Latina/os, did not fully understand what counseling was or why someone would utilize the service. They wondered why you would need to tell your problems to someone else when you have family or could pray about your problems. Hispanic/Latina women respond well to community-based breast cancer awareness programs, which leads to better outcomes.

In the only study of the potential effect of the 2016 presidential election on birth outcomes, Krieger and colleagues19 found that the rate of preterm births among Latina women in New York, New York, increased from 7.7% before the inauguration to 8.2% after. Second, it remains unclear whether the patterns found in New York City generalize nationwide. Given that New York City has signaled support for immigrants by limiting cooperation between local agencies and federal immigration authorities,21-23 national data may show sharper increases in preterm births after the election. Two recent studies17,18 investigated how anti-immigration legislation and policing affected births among Latina women. The first study17 found a 24% greater risk of low birth weight among children born to Latina mothers after a federal immigration raid compared with births the year before the raid; no such change appeared among births to non-Latina women.

Likewise, immigrant http://almasacademy.ir/the-fight-over-argentine-women-and-just-how-to-win-it/ are found to have a lower infant mortality rate than U.S. born women. This has been explained by the tendency for Hispanic women to continue breastfeeding for a longer amount of time. The 1970s marked the first decade in which a gender shift occurred in Mexican migration. During this time, more single women and more families began to migrate along with the working males who had already been migrating for several decades.

Latina Women And Their Migrations To The Usa

Latina women are 69 percent more likely to be incarcerated than white women, according to a 2007 report. In 2011, the American Civil Liberties Union asserted that incarceration particularly affects Latinas and black women as they are often the primary caregivers for their children and are also disproportionately victimized.